Today’s competitive environment has led business organizations to reflect upon the logistics models and practices adopted within their corporate environment. These transformations include focus on the efficiency of activities and also greater attention to external relations that include from the producer to the final consumer, and in this context there has been an evident increase in logistics demand, operational complexity and intense use of alternative technologies such as logistics platforms.
As Angola is a Democratic State of Law, it is responsible for creating the most appropriate conditions for the application of public policies to ensure the country’s economic and social growth and development, which therefore requires the adoption of policies through which the outlined objectives can be achieved.
In this context, the National Network of Logistical Platforms (RNPL) was created, included in the National Development Plan, which should constitute a physical interface between logistics and transport as a whole, which converges on the national logistics system itself and is a fundamental part of the process of economic growth and social development.
The NNLP is the integrated set of Logistics Platforms with its own characteristics and endowed with customs services, subject to the regulation, supervision and oversight of the Angola Cargo and Logistics Certification Regulatory Agency (ACLCRA).
To speak of logistics platforms is to speak of delimited and strategically located areas, with a range of structures for the logistics of a given merchandise or product, thus increasing the efficiency of the activity itself.
It is a transport integration infrastructure that seeks to concentrate and improve the distribution of materials/products, focusing on a reduction of flow and costs. In summary, these areas connect logistics networks, concentrate activities and bring together elements to promote logistics efficiency, driving increased business and access to new markets.
Logistics platforms are composed by different logistics operators who carry out activities related to logistics and the national and/or international distribution of goods.
The importance of logistics platforms has led various legal systems to create legal diplomas aimed at regulating and defining the responsibilities, rights and duties of all those who show an interest in operating in the various infrastructures of the Logistics Platforms, and to bring balance in satisfying the interests of both the public and private sectors.
Thus, Presidential Legislative Decree no. 2/21 of 14 May was published, establishing the legal framework applicable to the National Network of Logistics Platforms (NNLP).
This decree-law regulates all economic activities developed within the National Network of Logistics Platforms, in articulation and integration with the transport activity, in a complementary and intermodal regime of the National Logistics System, as well as establishing the institutional framework referring to public intervention and the action of private parties and laying down the competent Regulatory Body.
It applies to all NNLP Logistics Platforms, with the exception of air cargo centres, and to all operators and economic agents who carry out any activity therein.
As a rule, the logistics platforms are of a public nature, but may be of private business initiative, those that the respective diploma classifies as a “Privileged form of dynamization the NNLP”, and in this case will always be subject to licensing and registration.
The Logistics Platforms integrating the NNLP are of free and competitive access to operators, logistics companies and their business customers and are subject to concession by the State to public, private or mixed capital companies or private sector entrepreneurs.
ACLCRA is an entity that integrates the indirect administration of the State, with administrative, financial and asset autonomy, which is responsible for setting up the National Network of Logistical Platforms of Angola, licensing and granting, regulating, supervising and inspecting logistical activities, logistics platforms located outside ports, as well as goods traffic operations and thus contribute to improving the efficiency and competitiveness of the Republic of Angola, under the terms of Article 4(1) of Decree-Law No. 7/2009 of 17 April. Art. 4(1), Art. 8, 10, 12, 19 and 27 of Presidential Legislative Decree No. 2/21.
Achieving the State’s current intention to simplify and reduce bureaucracy, the logistics platforms integrated in the NNLP enjoy centralized administrative services and simplified administrative procedures, promoting privileged and efficient access by users.
The interoperability and integration of those intervening in the logistics process is ensured by the Single Logistics Window (SLW), a computer platform that serves as a tool for planning, execution and supervision of the logistics management processes developed throughout the national logistics chain, established by Presidential Decree 127/21 of 25th May.
It is an info technology platform for port management, which provides the necessary structure for the formalization, organization, and preparation of information flows between managers and operators of port terminals, entities that carry out complementary activities in ports, carriers of any mode of transport and the authorities that due to their functions have delegated or services within the port enclosure.
ACLCRA is responsible for managing and ensuring the operationality of the SLW, as well as goods traffic operations by sea, river, land, and air transport.
A problem arises regarding the flow of products from the countryside in the country, which is the lack of a network of logistics platforms near the production sites with capacity for product reception, preparation, packaging and preservation. And these platforms should be accessible to all modes of transport in order to systematically stimulate and catalyse development and mobilise the formation of economic communities, create and maintain an environment for innovation and stimulate national and foreign investment, supporting new entrepreneurs.
Author: Yodah Dinamene Luís.